Do enterprises really need ERP before implementation
for your enterprise, whether you need to use ERP is a question that must be considered. It may be the coercion of external reasons, or it may be driven by internal factors, or it may not need ERP to help you manage your enterprise at all. What kind of situation do you belong to? You may wish to make some positioning thinking from the aspects analyzed in this section
1. When discussing whether an enterprise wants to go on ERP with its competitors, one of the most tenable reasons is that it is not whether we should go on ERP, but whether our competitors have gone on ERP. This reason well explains the situation that the external environment is threatening the ERP of enterprises, and reflects that the fierce market competition environment has made the competition among enterprises not only in products, but also in internal management means. With the rapid development of production technology in today's society, the technical differences of products have become very small. The differences between enterprises are more reflected in the operation mode, and the internal management mode of enterprises is an important aspect of the operation mode of enterprises. Especially in the face of international competition, there has been a situation that whether you can become a supplier depends on whether you are on ERP, which is the most direct change to the enterprise operation mode in the information age
from the emergence of computer to its universal application, it is called an information revolution. The biggest difference between this revolution and the previous industrial revolutions lies in the fact that the previous industrial revolutions all enlarged human physical strength. The information revolution is the amplification of human brain power. So she has changed almost all aspects of people's way of life and work, and her influence on the world is far greater than any previous industrial revolution. When people have this tool to enlarge their mental power, who will abandon her in the competition that they are eager to win? All enterprise managers hope that their own enterprises can have strong competitiveness. At least they are not willing to tolerate the brain power of other competitors being amplified, but they do not
erp is a tool brought by the information revolution to enterprise managers. Just as people will not refuse to use interconnection and computers, enterprise managers should not refuse to accept ERP, especially when your competitors have already adopted ERP
2. Enterprise scale positioning
review the history of enterprise development, and have the functions of low cycle load cycle, deformation cycle and displacement cycle, which is actually an evolution history of scale and specialization. Looking at the excellent enterprises recognized by the world today, almost all of them are models of scale and specialization. Managers' requirements for internal management are to constantly adapt to the requirements of large-scale and professional development. Scale means the expansion of the scope of enterprise management, while specialization means the depth or fineness of enterprise management
in order to understand the evolution of scale and specialization, we might as well make a deduction of the process of enterprise development: when an enterprise starts its business, there are less than ten people. At this time, the boss of the enterprise is clear about all aspects of the enterprise, such as who his customers are, who his suppliers are, how his products are composed, how much money the customers still owe him, how much he owes the suppliers, how much money he can make every time he sells a product, etc. Later, the enterprise grew to more than 100 people, and the sales area also expanded to several places. The boss found that he could no longer remember these data, so he set up a financial department to manage financial data, a sales department to manage sales data, a production department to manage production data, and a supply department to manage purchase data. At this time, his mastery of the enterprise largely depends on the Department's report. And the coordination between departments needs hundreds of documents. Later, the enterprise grew to thousands of people, and the market expanded to several provinces and even abroad. At this time, due to the expansion of the scale, department managers can not remember the data of their own department, let alone the boss. As a result, there are further professional requirements, and the Department is further divided into sub departments. The and coordination among all managers should be carried out through thousands of documents
the evolution of scale and specialization has brought a negative impact on the enterprise, that is, the decentralization of management. Especially in the manual management state, no matter how well your professional management is done, your data is always scattered in thousands of documents. Few enterprises can summarize these documents every day, and almost every enterprise manager always wants to master the various states of the enterprise in the shortest time. At this time, is there any better solution besides ERP? If we call the initial state in the process of large-scale specialization as a kind of natural centralized management, the significance of ERP is to make the enterprise return to the centralized management state with the help of computer system after the large-scale and specialization
therefore, when considering whether you want to use ERP, please determine the size of your enterprise so as to save costs for the enterprise, whether you can basically achieve centralized management, or whether you can tolerate the inconvenience caused by decentralized management
3. Data annoys you.
you must often need to know various business data in the process of operating the enterprise. For example, you want to know how much your finished product inventory is? Your first thought is to find the finished product warehouse manager, who will tell you the current number of finished products in the warehouse. At this time, you may want to verify it through the financial department, so you find your financial director. The financial director immediately turns over the account book and tells you the current number of finished products. As a result, you find that this number is larger than the number given to you by the warehouse manager. With some doubt, you think that the sales department must know the number of finished products, so you find the sales director again. As a result, the sales director told you that the number was larger than that of the financial director. This is the trouble that data brings to you. If similar situations often occur, you can be sure that you need an ERP system to help you with enterprise management
in fact, your warehouse manager, financial supervisor and sales supervisor are all right. Maybe they are all excellent and conscientious workers rather than standard brand chemicals. What the warehouse manager tells you is how many finished products are actually in the warehouse at present. What the financial supervisor tells you is the actual number of finished products on the book at present. The reason why this number is larger than the number in the warehouse is that some of the finished products have not been recorded in the book, perhaps have not been invoiced, and are still used as finished product inventory in the book. The reason why the sales supervisor gives you more money is that your sales supervisor knows all the finished products that have not received the payment, including those in the warehouse, those that have not been invoiced, and those that have been invoiced but not received. Obviously, these three data do not reflect the same state. Considering the time factor, there must be a lag in manual management. In addition, these states change with the business process of the enterprise all the time. So your worry becomes "never know how many finished products there are?"
erp system will relieve similar troubles through real-time management and synchronous management of financial business. Therefore, if you have such troubles, you can think that you need ERP system to help you with enterprise management
4. Still confused after listening to the report
in enterprises that do not carry out information management, enterprise leaders usually understand and master the enterprise operation through reporting. The biggest drawback of this reporting method is that it is easy to cover up hidden dangers, because human nature can urge subordinates to always report good news rather than bad news to their superiors. Of course, you may have enough ability to make an objective judgment on the situation reported by your subordinates, and you may also have enough courage to replace those subordinates who exaggerate their achievements and conceal problems. However, after doing so, you find that it still can not completely eliminate your confusion
for example, your financial supervisor came to report the product cost accounting problem to you. It was found that the cost of a product that you think is very profitable was even higher than the selling price. Do you think such a product can still be sold? The financial supervisor told you that they calculated it in strict accordance with the determined cost accounting method. There should be no mistake. So, is your basic judgment wrong? In fact, everyone is right. When your enterprise produces dozens or even hundreds of varieties, it is difficult for manual management to accurately calculate the cost of each product, or even each batch of products. In particular, the variable cost of each batch of products cannot be accurately calculated. In the case of rough accounting, the best way to use is to allocate all kinds of ambiguous expenses. This method of allocation undoubtedly obliterates the contribution of various products to the enterprise. Therefore, it is easy to produce products that look very profitable, but their costs remain high. Under the condition of manual management, similar puzzles may also appear in production management and procurement management
if you often have some similar puzzles in your business, you should choose ERP to help you eliminate these puzzles. The fine management of ERP will help you solve your problems to the greatest extent
5. Enterprises will expand in the near future.
within the mainland of China, the total number of enterprises is tens of millions. However, less than 200000 enterprises have sales of more than 50 million. Throughout the business world, small and medium-sized companies with sales of less than 20million tend to operate more freely than companies with turnover of hundreds of millions. The so-called small ship makes a U-turn. However, every enterprise manager is also very sober. In the turbulent business sea, a large ship must be more able to withstand the wind and waves than a small boat, and can earn more absolute value. Therefore, it is the pursuit of almost every operator to expand the scale of the enterprise as soon as possible. However, when an enterprise wants to achieve a growth of 20million to hundreds of millions, it must face a special threshold. This threshold is a systematic management change, which is an inevitable management bottleneck in the growth of the enterprise. The enterprise has changed from the management of several entrepreneurs to the management of the cold and heat shock test chamber. The condenser should be regularly maintained every month. The vacuum cleaner should be used to remove the dust attached to the condenser's heat dissipation net, or the hard brush or high-pressure air nozzle should be used to blow away the dust after startup. In order to require management and control by several departments, the management process has changed from a few simple documents to hundreds of documents, More standardized management structure and procedures and more professional skills are required. This is a challenge that can not be ignored. Many enterprises have to wander in the wind and waves because they have not made a good transition. What's more, they have capsized in the changeable business sea
therefore, if your enterprise has a clear sign of expansion, you should consider adopting ERP system as soon as possible to help your enterprise implement standardized and professional management as soon as possible. ERP is a management tool. When you use it, it forces your enterprise management to gradually become standardized and specialized. Standardized and professional management can free you from the tedious affairs of taking the lead in the early stage of entrepreneurship, so you must become a real helmsman and grasp the direction for your ship. (end)